The physical structure of your warehouse or warehouse complex must be defined and mapped in the system before Extended Warehouse Management (EWM) can be implemented.
The different warehouses should also be defined as storage types inside a warehouse complex when EWM is adopted, and they are grouped together under a warehouse number.
In this article, we will drive you to dive deeply into the SAP warehouse management organization structure.
Warehouse Management Organization Structure
The Enterprise Structure defines the Warehouse Number. It is often made by replicating the rule. The description is 25 characters long and the alphanumeric code is 3 characters long.
The assignment, it will be given to the Plant and Storage Location. There are several combinations of Storage Locations and Plants to which it can be allocated.
SPRO > Choose Enterprise Structure > Choose Definition > Choose Logistics Execution > Choose Define, copy, delete, check warehouse number
Double clicks on the underlined text to go on to the next phase.
Then choose the Copy icon and enter the data as seen below. Standard warehouse number 001 or another number as needed is often provided as the warehouse number. And the warehouse number that has to be formed will be entered into the field for the warehouse number.
Then the warehouse number is shown below.
Within the warehouse, a number of zones can be established. Storage Types are the named categories of storage in SAP. The warehouse’s layout is broken down into storage types, and these clearly defined spaces are linked to the needs of the items being held there.
For example, slow-moving items, bulk pallet storage, rack storage, fast-moving goods, and special storage.
Storage Type is defined using the route below.
SPRO > Choose Logistics Execution > Choose Warehouse Management > Choose Master Data > Choose Define Storage Type
All standard storage kinds will be replicated and offered for the new warehouse number as indicated below since the warehouse number is a copy of the standard warehouse number.
As needed, new storage types can also be designed. See the screen below for a new storage type.
The many areas that make up the Storage type are known as Storage sections. The storage containers in which the material is kept are in the storage area.
Since there is no obligation to divide the Storage type into additional separate parts, many storage types just have a single storage section. For each storage type, there should be at least one storage section.
Examples include bulky objects, slow-moving items, fast-moving items, and pallet products.
The storage section is defined by the route below.
SPRO > Choose Logistics Execution > Choose Warehouse Management > Choose Master Data> Choose Define Storage Section
Mapping the Physical Warehouse in EWM
The following components make up the hierarchically split warehouse structure in warehouse management:
- Warehouse number: With a single warehouse number in EWM, you can control a whole complex of the physical warehouse.
- Storage type: The technical, physical, and organizational qualities of the separate storage facilities or warehouses that comprise the warehouse complex can be used to identify the storage type.
- Storage section: There are different storage sections for each sort of storage. One storage area, such as storage bins for quickly moving products that are near the goods issue zone, is home to all storage bins with a certain set of shared characteristics.
- Storage bin: In EWM, a variety of storage chambers known as storage bins make up every storage type and storage area. The location in the facility in which you can store merchandise is precisely indicated by the storage bin’s coordinates.
- Quant: This is used to control a product’s stock in a storage container.
The activity area is a logical arrangement of storage containers. It can be used to concatenate bins from different storage kinds or to refer to a specific storage bin.
If there is a 1:1 link between the storage type and the activity area, you can either manually allocate storage bins to those areas or have the system make the assignment.
You set the warehouse structures in EWM in Customizing to map the design of your actual warehouse to the system. When designing the structure of the warehouse in the system, we suggest using the order shown below.
Select Extended Warehouse Management Master Data from the Implementation Guide (IMG) for EWM.
- Choose Warehouse Numbers
- Choose Storage Type
- Choose Storage Section
- Storage Bins > Define Storage Bin Types
- Activity Areas > Define Activity Area
- Activity Areas > Assign Storage Bins to Activity Areas
Organization Unit Types
A warehouse system has many organizational units at various levels.
Warehouse Number: The maximum level in a warehouse management system, a warehouse number is a component of every warehouse. Every warehouse number has a substructure that represents the link between the warehouses.
Storage Type: There are various forms of storage where things are actually kept in a warehouse, including racks, open storage, and goods issuance and receipt.
Storage Section: This refers to a collection of bins with similar features and is a subset of the storage type. Fast or slow-moving goods, among other things, are frequently stored in specific regions.
Storage Bin: These bins serve as a visual representation of the actual location of the warehouse’s product storage area. They are at the base of the organizational hierarchy, and you must specify the precise placement of an item when storing it in a warehouse.
Activity Areas: In this activity area, storage containers are further divided into categories. It involves tasks like choosing, putting things away, and taking a physical inventory. You can allocate the same storage bin to different activity regions depending on the activity.
Quant: Quant is a representation of how many items are in the storage bin. For controlling inventory in storage bins, the quant is employed.
So, that’s all about the SAP warehouse management organization structure!
We hope that this article will be useful in helping you to understand how warehouse management is structured.